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FNN 202 – Public Health Nutrition

Key Reports on Chronic Disease

How Healthy Are Canadians? Public Health Agency of Canada, 2016

This report from the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) seeks to determine the level of health of Canadians. To do so, we looked at whether progress on main health indicators has been achieved in the last 10 to 15 years.

This report is structured primarily around the four major "physical" chronic diseases included in the WHO Global Plan of Action, four risk factors (smoking tobacco, physical inactivity, unhealthy eating and harmful use of alcohol) and two risk conditions (obesity and hypertension). To these we have added mood and anxiety disorders (measured by use of health services) because of their major impact on the working age population. Multi-morbidity (i.e. two or more of the four major "physical" chronic diseases co-existing, and mood and anxiety disorders co-morbid with one of the four major "physical" chronic diseases), a relatively common phenomena among the elderly, has also been examined.

Preventing and Managing Chronic Disease in First Nations Communities: A GUIDANCE FRAMEWORK  Indigenous Service Canada, 2018

This Framework provides direction on objectives and actions to improve health outcomes. It identifies opportunities to improve the access of individuals, families, and communities to appropriate, culturally-relevant services and supports, based on their needs, at any point along the wellness to chronic disease health continuum.

Report from the Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System: Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in Canada  Public Health Agency of Canada, 2018

This report describes the occurrence of asthma and COPD in Canada as identified through the Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System (CCDSS) from 2000-2001 to 2011-2012. The purpose of this report is to illustrate the burden of asthma and COPD in the Canadian population by reporting the prevalence, incidence, and mortality of these chronic respiratory diseases. Comorbidity with four other major chronic diseases and conditions is also reported.

Health at a Glance 2019: OECD Indicators OECD, 2019

Health at a Glance compares key indicators for population health and health system performance across OECD members, candidate and partner countries. It highlights how countries differ in terms of the health status and health-seeking behaviour of their citizens; access to and quality of health care; and the resources available for health.