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Films & Videos: Citing Media

How to Cite Films and Videos

When preparing a presentation or a research paper, it is important to document sources used in producing it, including videos. 

MLA style
(used in the humanities)

Director, dir. Title of film/video. Year of release. Distributor. Format.
Lee, Spike, dir. Do The Right Thing. 1989. Universal City Studios. DVD.

Chicago style
(used in the humanities)

Director. Title of film/video. Format. Year of release. Distributor.
Lee, Spike. Do The Right Thing. DVD. 1989. Universal City Studios. 

APA style
(used in psychology, education, engineering, business, and social sciences)

Director, D. (Director). (Year of release). Title of film/video [Motion picture]. Distributor.
Lee, S. (Director). (1989). Do The Right Thing [Motion picture]. Universal City Studios.

These examples are for a DVD. For an online video, use the same guidelines as for Web content.