Get lengthier and more specialized research help with our book an appointment service.
Online tutorial on the research process, including how to start your research and how to search and find sources.
In-depth guides on research terms and techniques and citation styles.
Workshops are scheduled throughout the term.
Visit the Research Help Desk on the main floor of the Library for help.
Academic Integrity at TMU (policies)
Watch one of these videos on why we cite from the University of North Carolina and North Carolina State University.
Why We Cite
Citation: A (very) Brief Introduction
If you quote, summarize or paraphrase from one of your sources, you need to give credit. Giving credit to others is part of your “academic integrity.” If you don’t, you could be charged with plagiarism.
According to the Toronto Metropolitan University Code of Academic Conduct (Opens PDF document), plagiarism means claiming the words, ideas, artistry, drawings, images or data of another person as if they were your own.
When you cite you are engaging in a conversation with your sources by either supporting or disagreeing with their point-of-view. Your paper is meant to add to the debate or conversation started by experts in your topic’s field. Therefore, your paper should be a balance of citations from the experts and your own voice.
To attribute words and ideas to their original source – simply giving credit where credit is due
To provide your readers with a kind of “map”of what you have been reading – to help your readers understand what has influenced your thinking
To add weight and credibility to your paper –to demonstrate that you are engaged in the relevant research material
To provide an easy way for your readers to get access to the source material
To situate yourself in an academic community with shared conventions
To avoid plagiarism